Bufa Hill. Cerro de La Bufa, meaning ”pig’s bladder”, is a hill with an altitude of 2657 meters and was the site where Pancho Villa fought in the Mexican Revolution War. It features an area called “Plaza de la Revolucion Mexicana” where statues of important generals and officers, who participated in the Mexican Revolution, are located. The hill also has a chapel (Capilla del Patrocinio) where the Virgin Mary is worshipped, and a museum called Toma de Zacatecas, where pieces of artillery, photographs, and documents of the Revolution can be seen. Here we’ll also find a Meteorological Observatory and the “Mausoleo de Los Hombres Ilustres”, dedicated to famous people from Zacatecas.
Pancho Villa in Zacatecas On June 1914, the city of Zacatecas became the center of national attention when Pancho Villa and his Dorados stormed the city to clash with Federal forces commanded by General Medina Barró¡. The battle, known as La Toma de Zacatecas (The Taking of Zacatecas), was the largest and bloodiest of the revolution.
After the decisive battle, the Federales were unable to recover. The path to Mexico City—and ultimate victory—was clear for Villa and the revolutionaries.
Museum of Guadalupe, the oldest in the state of Zacatecas, opened in 1917 and was officially inaugurated in 1938. It takes up most part of the former Colegio de Propaganda Fide de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe that served from the 18th century to the early 20th century. Since 2002, each Septiembre is the venue for the Baroque Festival.
The Museum of Guadalupe was registered in 2010 in the list of World Heritage of UNESCO in the category of Cultural Itinerary as part of El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro.
In 2017, the precinct celebrates its first 100 years of uninterrupted cultural activity.
Silversmith Center Ex-Hacienda de Bernardez During the colonial period, the Hacienda de Bernardez served as a center for reducing the ores from some of the most productive mines in the region. Now it is an important school for silver workers; visitors can observe the entire process of silversmithing, from working the raw material to the final details of finishing and polishing. The Center’s craftsmen are nationally and internationally known for their original and beautiful designs.